Bone grafting is a procedure typically meant to repair dental implant sites that have an inadequate bone structure.

Bone Grafting and Reconstruction

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, can lead to tooth loss and the destruction of your jawbone if it isn’t treated. When you’ve suffered bone and teeth loss, the remaining bone can atrophy or absorb. When this occurs, it can result in the remaining bone being too poor of quality or not having enough of it for you to receive dental implants. Dental implants are crucial for patients who’ve lost teeth since it restores most of the oral functions that the patient has lost. Luckily, there are options out there that will allow us to grow bone where it is needed. This’ll give patients a chance to receive dental implants as well as restore the aesthetic and functionality of their oral health. These procedures are referred to as bone grafting and reconstruction.

What is a Bone Graft?

Bone grafting is a procedure typically meant to repair dental implant sites that have an inadequate bone structure. The purpose of a bone grafting is to repair jaw defects. Jaw defects can occur as a result of gum disease, but it can also result from some of the following factors:

  • Traumatic injuries.
  • Congenital defects.
  • Tumor surgery.

To perform a bone grafting procedure, we will need to obtain bone from another source. Bone can sometimes be acquired from a tissue bank, but more often than not the bone sample is taken from the patient themselves either from the hip, jaw, or tibia. A sinus bone graft may be required to replace bone in the patient’s upper jaw. Beyond a straight bone grafting, there are also things that we can do to help encourage bone regeneration. Special membranes can be used that dissolve under a patient’s gum. These membranes will help promote bone regeneration while also protecting the bone graft. It is important to remember that a bone grafting procedure is typically conducted in an operating room and often needs a hospital stay since it is surgical in nature.

What is the Bone Grafting Procedure Like?

The procedure for a bone graft can differ from patient to patient. First, our dental team must examine you for what your specific and unique situation is like. Once we have done that, we will be able to determine the outpatient procedure that will best serve your bone grafting needs. Typically, we utilize one of the following three procedures, sometimes used in conjunction with each other:

  • Socket graft.
  • Block bone graft.
  • Sinus lift procedure

A socket graft, also known as an alveolar ridge preservation graft, is a graft designed to regenerate the tooth supporting bone in your mouth. This bone’s entire purpose is just to support your teeth in place, so when a tooth is not present, the bone will be quickly reabsorbed or atrophy. Sometimes, the graft can be avoided if an implant can be placed in the empty socket in time, but sometimes this is not always possible. As a result, this type of graft is performed to fill the void left by the missing tooth. The block bone graft, also referred to as the autogenous ramus or chin graft, is utilized when a great deal of bone is required for the bone grafting procedure. As a result, this block bone graft requires us to remove a small block of bone from different sites on you and then utilize that bone as a graft to correctly fuse your jawbone. When done properly, this will allow for a site for dental implants to be used on the patient. Lastly, the sinus lift procedure, also known as a subantral graft, is utilized when the upper jaw requires a bone graft. When a tooth goes missing in the upper jaw, the bone in your sinus roots where the tooth’s roots were can begin to degrade. As a result, the place where your dental implant would go in your upper jaw might not be able to support your dental implant due to the loss of bone. As a result, the subantral grafting procedure is meant to create a place for bone to regenerate and grow to allow for a dental implant in the upper jaw.

Schedule My Appointment

Not all patients who have periodontal disease will need, bone grafting and reconstruction, but for those who do—Arizona Periodontal Group is here for you. We will do everything we can to make your smile healthy and happy and to restore full function to your mouth. We are able to help the city of Phoenix as well as all surrounding areas with their dental care as well as specialty treatments like bone grafting and reconstruction. If you wish to learn more about bone grafting and reconstruction, or you want to make an appointment with us, you should contact us now!

Start your day with a beautiful smile.

When you visit our office, your oral health is our top priority. Dr. Trujillo and his entire team is dedicated to providing you with the personalized, gentle care that you deserve.